Courses In Biology

BIO 101. Human Biology. The human organism is utilized as the primary focus to elucidate physiological principles for non-science majors. Topics include nutrition, homeostasis, major organ systems, immunity, and evolution. Laboratory exercises include sensory physiology, respiration, blood pressure, exercise physiology and ECG.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 101L. 3 credits.

BIO 101L. Human Biology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 101.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 101. 1 credit.

BIO 102. Human Heredity. This course is intended for the non-science major. Although the major emphasis of this course is on the inheritance of traits in humans, topics ranging from basic cell reproduction through gamete production and early developmental stages are also covered. Classical genetics, in both humans and other organisms, including both chromosomal and gene genetics, as well as population genetics, molecular genetics and application of genetics to biotechnology and genetic engineering are discussed. The laboratory is intended to give the student "hands-on" experience in making observations, performing experiments and working with scientific equipment. Topics to be covered in the laboratory include studying prepared slides, performing genetic crosses, activating genes in bacteria, isolating DNA and learning about DNA fingerprinting.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 102L. 3 credits.

BIO 102L. Human Heredity Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 102.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 102. 1 credit.

BIO 103. Environmental Science. Designed for non-science majors, the course serves as an introduction to ecological principles and their applications to understanding the causes and current status of environmental problems. Options for dealing with these problems are evaluated. Possible topics for discussion are overpopulation, food and water resources, ozone depletion, global warming, deforestation, acid rain, biodiversity, erosion, loss of wetlands, energy sources, pollution, eutrophication and waste disposal. Laboratory exercises are designed to illustrate ecological concepts presented in lecture.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 103L. 3 credits.

BIO 103L. Environmental Science Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 103.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 103. 1 credit.

BIO 111. General Biology I. A rigorous study of basic biological principles, designed for science majors. Topics emphasized include basic biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, embryology, histology, and evolution.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 111L. 3 credits.

BIO 111L. General Biology I Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 111.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 111. 1 credit.

BIO 112. General Biology II. This course, also rigorous and designed for science majors, covers concepts in animal and plant physiology, botany, and ecology.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Prerequisite: BIO 111/L. Must be taken concurrently with BIO 112L. 3 credits.

BIO 112L. General Biology II Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 112.  Fulfills general education requirement: Liberal Studies Area 3 (Natural Science). Corequisite: BIO 112. 1 credit.

BIO 201. Genetics. A study of the principles, mechanisms and concepts of classical, molecular, and population genetics. The laboratory stresses key concepts of genetics utilizing both classical and molecular approaches. Laboratory exercises include analysis of nucleic acids, genetic crosses, and studies of bacteria and plasmids.  Prerequisites: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; one year of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 201L. 3 credits.

BIO 201L. Genetics Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 201.  Prerequisites: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; one year of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 201. 1 credit.

BIO 212. Animal Behavior. A study of the basic concepts of invertebrate and vertebrate behavior with emphasis on the development, genetics, physiology and evolution of behavior. Laboratory exercises include ethogram construction, avian foraging, aggressive display analysis and estrous cycle regulation.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 212L. 3 credits.

BIO 212L. Animal Behavior Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 212.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 212. 1 credit.

BIO 221. Mammalian Anatomy. Comparative anatomy with special attention to the structure and function of mammalian systems and special references to humans. Intensive laboratory work involves dissections and demonstrations using the cat as a model.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 221L. 3 credits.

BIO 221L. Mammalian Anatomy Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 221.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 221. 1 credit.

BIO 222. Human Physiology. The design of this course is intended to impart an understanding of the basic concepts of human physiology with emphasis on neuromuscular, cardiovascular, and endocrine physiology. Laboratory exercises place emphasis on effective experimental designs and data analysis in the study of physiological mechanisms. Lab exercises cover such topics as muscle contraction measurements, spirometry, and ECG analysis. Does not fulfill a biology major requirement.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 222L. 3 credits.

BIO 222L. Human Physiology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 222.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/111L and BIO 112/112L. Corequisite: BIO 222. 1 credit.

BIO 231. Neurobiology. This course takes an in-depth look at the biological and physiological processes that give rise to complexity of the nervous system and ultimately allow for complex function. It examines the biology of vertebrate nervous systems, with particular emphasis on the human nervous system. Topics include cellular and molecular biology of the neuron, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, nervous system development and plasticity, mechanisms of learning and memory, and sensory and motor systems.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 231L. 3 credits.

BIO 231L. Neurobiology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 231.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 231. 1 credit.

BIO 302. Plant Diversity. The development and diversity of fungi, algae and land plants and the relationships between them. Field and laboratory work familiarizes the student with the structure and reproduction of algae and plants and with the identification and pollination of flowering plants in the local flora.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 302L. 3 credits.

BIO 302L. Plant Diversity Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 302.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 302. 1 credit.

BIO 304. Developmental Biology. An organismal and molecular approach to the study of animal development using typical invertebrate and vertebrate organisms. The laboratory includes the study of slides as well as experiments on fertilization, regeneration and metamorphosis.  Fulfills general education requirement: Writing Process. Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L and BIO 201/L, or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIO 304L. 3 credits.

BIO 304L. Developmental Biology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 304.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111L and BIO 112/L, and BIO 201/L, or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIO 304. 1 credit.

BIO 305. Cell and Tissue Biology. A study of cell ultrastructure and the microscopic anatomy of vertebrate tissues, including the structure and function of membranes and organelles, cell motility and excitability, and vertebrate tissue similarities and specialization in relation to function. Laboratory includes the preparation and staining of sections using selected histochemical and histological procedures as well as a variety of microscopic techniques.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 305L. 3 credits.

BIO 305L. Cell and Tissue Biology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 305.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 305. 1 credit.

BIO 306. Microbiology. A study of the morphology, physiology and biochemistry of representative microorganisms. The laboratory emphasizes basic bacteriological techniques and procedures.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; three semesters of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 306L. 3 credits.

BIO 306L. Microbiology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 306.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; three semesters of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 306. 1 credit.

BIO 307. Plant Physiology. A study of the functioning of plants, with emphasis on vascular plants.  Fulfills general education requirement: Writing Process. Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; three semesters of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 307L. 3 credits.

BIO 307L. Plant Physiology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 307.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; three semesters of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 307. 1 credit.

BIO 312. Ecology I. An examination of the basic concepts of ecology with extensive laboratory work and field experiences in freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems.  Fulfills general education requirement: Writing Process. Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 312L. 3 credits.

BIO 312L. Ecology I Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 312.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 312. 1 credit.

BIO 322. Vertebrate Physiology. A study of the principles of vertebrate body function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which cells and organs perform their functions and the interactions of the various organs in maintaining total body function.  Fulfills general education requirement: Writing Process. Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; one semester of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 322L. 3 credits.

BIO 322L. Vertebrate Physiology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 322.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; one semester of chemistry or permission. Corequisite: BIO 322. 1 credit.

BIO 323. Introduction to Immunology. An introduction to the anatomical, physiological and biochemical factors underlying the immune response. The course begins with a discussion of non-specific immunity, cellular immunity and antibody-mediated immune responses. The course then moves into a study of contemporary immunological topics which are discussed with respect to major research papers in each area. Topics include autoimmunity, histocompatibility, immunogenetics and acquired immune deficiencies.  Prerequisites: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; BIO 201/L; CHM 111/113 or equivalent; or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIO 323L. 3 credits.

BIO 323L. Introduction to Immunology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 323.  Prerequisites: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L; BIO 201/L; CHM 111/113 or equivalent; or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIO 323. 1 credit.

BIO 324. Invertebrate Physiology. A study of many of the invertebrate phyla, concentrating on the physiological mechanisms controlling movement, metabolism, information, and control and reproduction.  Fulfills general education requirement: Writing Process. Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 324L. 3 credits.

BIO 324L. Invertebrate Physiology Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 324.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 324. 1 credit.

BIO 402. Evolution. This course is an introduction to organic evolution and evolutionary mechanisms/processes including a study of the origins, history, and evidence supporting evolution and evolutionary concepts. Examples of topics to be covered include history of evolution, classification and phylogeny, biological diversity, variation and genetic drift, natural selection, phenotypic traits, speciation, reproductive success, evolution and development, and macroevolution. Evolution will be examined from several perspectives, from molecular to ecological levels, and over different time scales. The course will cover both plant and animal evolution. Laboratory exercises will be drawn from the online publication, Spreadsheet Exercises in Ecology and Evolution.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L, and BIO 201/L. Corequisite: BIO 402L. 3 credits.

BIO 402L. Evolution Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 402.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L, and BIO 201/L. Corequisite: BIO 402. 1 credit.

BIO 404. Electron Microscopy. An introduction to the use of techniques for scanning and transmission electron microscopic studies. Through laboratory experience the students will learn the proper use, application and limitations of the appropriate instruments.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L, and BIO 305/L, or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIO 404L. 3 credits.

BIO 404L. Electron Microscopy Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 404.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L, and BIO 305/L, or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIO 404. 1 credit.

BIO 409. Ecology II. An intensive study of ecosystem ecology, examining the interactions of biotic and abiotic factors within freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. This course will examine recent research to demonstrate how ecosystems respond to anthropogenic influences.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 409L. 3 credits.

BIO 409L. Ecology II Laboratory. Corresponding laboratory for BIO 409.  Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. Corequisite: BIO 409. 1 credit.

BIO 499. Seminar. Each senior student is required to do independent library research on an assigned topic and to make an oral presentation to the biology faculty and students.  May be taken twice for credit. Prerequisite: a C- (1.67) average in BIO 111/L and BIO 112/L. 1-2 credits.

BIO 500. Independent Study. Independent Study in Biology  This course may be repeated for credit as topic changes. 1-3 credits.